Amar Jonmo bhumi

During my M.Tech days at IIT-Madras to sing on the independence day celebration, I learnt this song. That time like many I also did concentrate only on the tuning part of the song as I don’t know bengali. After a while later a little research on this song made me fall in love with the song once again but this time on the lyrics, and it even made me fall in love with the language. As I said I don’t know bengali, so my understanding of this song is based on the general and common words of indo-Aryan languages (specially derived from sanskrit). Once I got the understanding of the song I felt beauty and proud feeling of my nation. Little more deeper thought made me realize why vandemataram became a national level movement for freedom struggle. such is the power of lyrics and inspiration of great motherland. Since I don’t know bengali, I am just trying to write the meaning of song based on the linguistic commonality in the lyrics as understand.

Dhana dhanya pushpa bhara, aamader ei bashundhara.
Taahar maajhey aachey desh ek, shokol dhesher”Dhana dhanya pushpa bhora, aamader ei bashundhara.”
shera –
O shey je shopno diye toiri, shey je smriti diye ghera!
Emon deshti kothao khunjey pabey nako tumi –
Shokol desher raani shey je, aamar jonmobhumi!
Shey je aamar jonmobhumi! Shey je aamar jonmobhumi!

Chandra shurjo groho taara, kothay ujol emon dhaara?
Kothay emon khaley toreet, emon kalo meghey?
O taar paakhir daakey ghumiye pori, paakhir daakey jegey! ||Emon deshti||

Ato snigdha nadi kaahar? Kothaay emon dhumro paahar?
Kothay emon haritkshetra aakashtoley meshey?
Emon dhaaner opor dheu khele jay baatash kahaar deshey? ||Emon deshti||

Pushpey pushpey bhora shakhi; kunjey kunjey gaahey paakhi;
Gunjariyaa aashey ari, punjey punjey dheye –
Tara phuler upor ghumiye porey phuler madhu kheye! ||Emon deshti||

Bhai-er maa-er ato sneho kothay geley pabey keha?
O maa! Tomar charanduti bakkhey aamar dhori –
Aamar ei deshetei jonmo, jeno ei deshetei mori! ||Emon deshti||
———————————————————————————
Stanza-1
Dhana( money or welth) dhanya (rice or paddy) in sanskrit dhanya means grains (rice grains), pushpa (flower) bhora (filled with hindi: bhara) aamader ei (this is ours) bashundhra ( in sanskrit vasundhara) vasudhaarayati iti vasundhara meaning that in which wealth is inherited.

In the middle of this vasundhara (taahar) aachey (there is, in sanskrit aasti) desh ek (one country) shokol (in sanskrit sakala meaning all) desher (countries) sheraSun, moon, planets, and stars aglow, (the best)..
This country is made of dreams (shopno, sanskrit svapna) and memories (smriti same in sanskrit)
such deshti (country) you (tumi hindi tumhe) khunje (hindi khoj search) will not get (pabe hindi paana meaning to get) Such country you will not get anywhere. (sanskrit sakala) queen of all countires aamar (hindi hamara) janmabhumi.

Stanza-2:
where the land (Dhaara same as sanskrit) which is being lightend (ujol sanskrit ujvala meaning prakash) by sun, moon, planets and stars.

Kothay emon khaley toreet, emon kalo meghey?
kalo meghey meaning black clouds (in sanskrit kala megha) toreet meaning lightning (in sanskrit tadit) where in the black clouds a beatiful lightning will keep playing

Where in the call birds (paakhir sanskrit pakshi) we go to sleep and in the call of birds we wakeup (jegey, hindi jaaagana, sanskrit jaagRt)

Stanza-3
where you get such pure (snigdha, same as sanskrit) rivers (nadi same as sanskrit) where you get such mountains (pahaar, hindi pahaad) covered with smoke (dhumro hindi dhUmra) like clouds.
Where can you get such green fields (hairtkshtra, in sanskrit harita is green color and kshetra means land) as high as sky (aakaash same in sanskrit)
where rice paddy fields are playing with gusty winds and looking like sea of paddy fields.

Stanza-4
Where trees are and plants are filled with blossming flowers, and birds sing in groups.
where honey bees come in groups and enjoy the nector in those blossming flowers.

Stanza-5
where can you get such brotherly (bhai-er hindi bhai) motherly (maa-er hindi maa) friendship.

O mother I will hold your feet (charan same as sanskrit) close to my heart
I am born (jonmo in sanskrit janma) here and I would like to leave my last breath (die mori in sanskrit maran) here only.

————————————-
Complete meaning:
Brimming with wealth, grains, and flowers,
This earth of ours,
In which there’s a land, which ranks among the firsts.
Created in dreams, wrapped around in memories.
Nowhere will you find a nation so grand,
Queen of all, she is my motherland.

Sun, moon, planets, and stars aglow,
Where else with such a vibrant flow?
Where does lightning dance in clouds so dark and deep?
(Her) birdsong wakes me up, after lulling me to sleep.
Nowhere will you find a nation so grand,
Queen of all, she is my motherland.

Who has such cool rivers?
Where are such smoky mountains?
Where do such lush green fields meet under the sky?
Where does the wind make such waves on rice-fields and blow by?
Nowhere will you find a nation so grand,
Queen of all, she is my motherland.

The trees are decked with flowers,
Singing birds teeming bowers,
Swarms of murmuring honeybees rush by,
Drink the nectar and on blossoms, they lie.
Nowhere will you find a nation so grand,
Queen of all, she is my motherland.

Such love from brother and mother,
Where else will you discover?
O Mother, I hold your two feet to my heart.
In this land, I was Born, from here be my final Depart.
Nowhere will you find a nation so grand,
Queen of all, she is my motherland.

Here is a link to the video song sung by bhaarata ratna M.S. Subbalakshmi ji.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22ACyKyOGXQ

what I understood after a little research on this song is all Indian languages have many linguistic commonalities. Visualisation of a nation in such simple and pure terms amounts to a great patriotism and nationalistic feel. This is the same reason simple and pure verses in Vande Mataram became the inspiration for freedom struggle

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